A renal panel may be used to evaluate kidney function, to help diagnose kidney-related disorders, to screen those who may be at risk of developing kidney disease or to monitor someone who has been diagnosed with kidney disease.
Renal Function Blood Tests Included:
Albumin Serum one of the major proteins in the blood and a reflection of the general state of nutrition.
Bun or Urea Nitrogen BUN is another by-product of protein metabolism eliminated through the kidneys and an indicator of kidney function.
Creatinine, Serum An indicator of kidney function.
Bun/Creatinine Ratio Calculated by dividing the BUN by the Creatinine.
Sodium One of the major salts in the body fluid, sodium is important in the body’s water balance and the electrical activity of nerves and muscles.
Potassium Helps to control the nerves and muscles.
Chloride Similar to sodium, it helps to maintain the body’s electrolyte balance.
Carbon Dioxide, Total Used to help detect, evaluate, and monitor electrolyte imbalances.
Calcium- A mineral essential for development and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. It is important also for the normal function of muscles, nerves and blood clotting).
Glucose-Blood sugar level, the most direct test to discover diabetes, may be used not only to identify diabetes, but also to evaluate how one controls the disease.
Phosphorus-Phosphorus testing may be performed to measure high or low levels of phosphorus to determine a variety of differential diagnoses such as: dehydration, renal disease, liver disease, diabetic ketoacidosis. Phosphate levels may increase during the last trimester of pregnancy
Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (calculated) measures your level of kidney function and determine your stage of kidney disease.